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Physical and Medical Standards

Guidelines with regard to physical and medical standards for candidates are as follows:-

  1. Candidates must be physically fit according to the prescribed physical standards.
  2. Medical Examination will be conducted at AFCME, New Delhi or IAM Bengaluru based on candidates recommended by the AFSB. Non-reporting of candidates on allotted date for medicals could lead to cancellation of candidature. Male candidates will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Women candidates will undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising male/female doctors/specialists /Gynaecologist. There will be a Lady Medical Officer as Member of Board. Only those candidates will be admitted to the Academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board. However, the candidates declared unfit will be intimated by the President of the Medical Board and procedure for request for an Appeal Medical Board (AMB) will also be intimated to the candidate.
  3. Candidates who are unfit may apply for AMB to be completed within 42 days of SMB and may request for Review Medical Board (RMB) within one day of completion of Appeal Medical Board. Candidates declared unfit by AMB will be intimated by the President AMB about procedure of challenging the findings of AMB. The candidates will also be intimated that holding RMB will be granted at the discretion of DG AFMS based on the merit of the case and that RMB is not a matter of right. The candidate should address the request for RMB if he/she so desires to DMS (MB)/DGMS (Air), Air HQ, R.K. Puram and a copy of the same is to be handed over to the President of AMB. The office of the DGAFMS will inform the date and place (Delhi and Pune only) where the candidate will appear for an RMB.
  4. Height and Weight Parameters.
    1. You will be screened for your height and weight at AFSB. In case you do not meet the height criterion when you report to AFSB, you may not be tested. Overweight/obese candidate would be issued with a letter of caution and advised to reduce weight within the specified limits before reporting for medicals. Maximum permissible weight deviation is 01 Standard Deviation (SD) as per the height and weight standards for men and women, failing which the above mentioned letters of caution would be issued.
    2. The minimum acceptable height for men and women candidates in Flying Branch is 162.5 cms, Leg Length: Min - 99 cms, Max -120 cms. Thigh Length : Max – 64 cms, Sitting Height : Min - 81.5 cms, Max - 96 cms (No concession for age/sex/region).
    3. The minimum acceptable height for male candidates in Ground Duty (Technical/Non-technical) Branch is 157.5 cms. For women candidates minimum acceptable height is 152 cms. (For Gorkhas and individual belonging to hills of North-Eastern region of India, Garhwal and Kumaon, the minimum acceptable height will be 5 cms less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep, the minimum acceptable height will be 2 cms less than what is applicable to men and women respectively).
    4. Height and Weight standards for men and women are given below for Indian Air Force. Interpolation for weights against height not mentioned may be done.
      (aa)  Height and Weight Standards for Men.
      Height in cm Age Range (Years)
      15-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33-37
      152 46 47 50 54 54
      153 47 47 51 55 55
      154 47 48 51 56 56
      155 48 49 52 56 56
      156 48 49 53 57 57
      157 49 50 54 58 58
      158 49 50 54 58 58
      159 50 51 55 59 59
      160 51 52 56 59 60
      161 51 52 56 60 60
      162 52 53 57 61 61
      163 52 54 58 61 62
      164 53 54 59 62 63
      165 53 55 59 63 63
      166 54 56 60 63 63
      167 54 56 61 64 65
      168 55 57 61 65 65
      169 55 57 62 65 66
      170 56 58 63 66 67
      171 56 59 64 66 68
      172 57 59 64 67 68
      173 58 60 65 68 70
      174 58 61 66 68 70
      175 59 61 66 69 71
      176 59 62 67 70 71
      177 60 62 68 70 72
      178 60 63 69 71 73
      179 61 64 69 72 73
      180 61 64 70 72 74
      181 62 65 71 73 75
      182 62 66 72 74 76
      183 63 66 72 74 76
      184 64 67 73 75 77
      185 64 68 74 75 78
      186 65 68 74 76 78
      187 65 69 75 77 79
      188 66 69 76 77 80
      189 66 70 77 78 81
      190 67 71 77 79 81
      191 67 71 78 79 82
      192 68 72 79 80 82
      193 98 73 79 81 83
      SD 6.0 6.3 7.1 6.6 6.9
      (ab)  Height and Weight Standards for Women.
      Height in cm Weigth in Kg
      20-25 years 26-30 years
      148 43 46
      149 44 47
      150 45 48
      151 45 48
      152 46 49
      153 47 50
      154 47 50
      155 48 51
      156 49 52
      157 49 53
      158 50 53
      159 51 54
      160 51 55
      161 52 55
      162 52 56
      163 53 57
      164 54 57
      165 54 58
      166 55 59
      167 56 60
      168 56 60
      169 57 61
      170 58 62
      171 58 62
      172 59 63
      173 59 64
      174 60 64
      175 61 65
      176 61 66
      177 62 67
      178 63 67
      SD 5 5
  5. Visual Standards
    1. Visual Standards for Flying Branch.
      (aa)  Candidates who habitually wear spectacles are not eligible for flying branch. In case they report for testing they will be tested for other branches (if applied for).
      (ab) Minimum distant vision 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other correctable to 6/6 only for Hypermetropia
      • Colour vision CP-1
      • Hypermetropia : +2.0 d Sph
      • Manifest Myopia : Nil
      • Retinoscopic Myopia : –0.5 in any meridian permitted
      • Astigmatism : +0.75 D Cyl (with + 2.0 DMax)
      (ac) Maddox Rod Test
      1. At 6 meters— Exo-6 prism D
        Eso-6 prism D
        Hyper-1 prism D
        Hypo-1prism D
      2. At 33 cms— Exo-16 prism D
        Eso-6 prism D
        Hyper-1 prism D
        1Hypo-1 prism D
      (ad)  Hand held Stereoscope—All of BSV Grades
      (ae) Convergence—up to 10 cm
      (af) Cover test for distant and near - Lateral divergence/convergence recovery rapid and complete. Binocular Vision - Must possess good binocular vision (fusion and stereopsis with good amplitude and depth).
    2. Visual Standards for Ground Duty (Technical) Branch.
      Maximum Limits of Refractive Error Visual Acuity Errors Colour Vision
      Hypermetropia: +3.5 D Sph
      Myopia: -3.50 D Sph
      Astigmatism: ± 2.50 D Cyl
      Corrected visual acuity should be 6/9 in each eye. Wearing of glasses will be compulsory when advised. CP-II
    3. Visual Standards for Ground Duty (Non-technical) Branch.
      Sub Branch Maximum Limits of Refractive Error Visual Acuity Errors Colour Vision
      Administration Hypermetropia: + 3.5 D Sph
      Myopia: - 3.5 Sph
      Astigmatism: ± 2.50 D Cyl in any meridian
      Corrected visual acuity should be 6/6 in each eye CP-II
      Logistics Hypermetropia: +3.5 D Sph
      Myopia: -3.50 D Sph
      Astigmatism: ± 2.50 D Cyl
      Corrected visual acuity should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/18 in the worse eye. Wearing of glasses will be compulsory. CP-III
      Accounts & Education Hypermetropia: +3.5 D Sph
      Myopia: -3.50 D Sph
      Astigmatism: ± 2.50 D Cyl
      Corrected visual acuity should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/18 in the worse eye. Wearing of glasses will be compulsory. CP-III
      Meteorology Hypermetropia: +3.5 D Sph
      Myopia: -3.50 D Sph
      Astigmatism: ± 2.50 D Cyl
      Corrected visual acuity should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/18 in the worse eye. Wearing of glasses will be compulsory. CP-II
    4. Criteria for post LASIK surgery for all branches (Flying/Ground Duty (Tech)/ Ground Duty (Non-tech).
      • (aa) Candidates who have undergone PRK (Photo Refractive Keratotomy)/LASIK (Laser in Situ Keratotomileusis) may be considered fit for commissioning in Air Force for all branches.
      • (ab) Post PRK/LASIK candidates must meet the visual requirements required for the branch as laid down in Para 3.12.5.2 IAP 4303(4th edition).
      • (ac) The following criteria must be satisfied prior to selecting post-PRK/LASIK at the time of Air Force Medical Examination.
        • (aaa) PRK/LASIK surgery should not have been carried out before the age of 20 years.
        • (aab) The axial length of the eye should not be more than 25.5 mm as measured by IOL master.
        • (aac) Atleast 12 months should have elapsed post uncomplicated stable PRK/LASIK with no history or evidence of any complication. At the time of initial medical examination.
        • (aad) The post LASIK corneal thickness as measured by a corneal pachymeter should not less than 450 microns.
        • (aae) Individuals with high refractive errors (>6D) prior to LASIK are to be excluded.
      • (ad) Radial Keratotomy (RK) surgery for correction of refractive errors are not permitted for any Air Force duties. Candidates having undergone cataract surgery with or without IOL implants will also be declared unfit.
  6. The candidate must be physically fit according to the prescribed physical standards which are summarized below:-
    1. The candidate must be in good physical and mental health and free from any disease/disability which is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of duties.
    2. There should be no evidence of weak constitution, bodily defects or over weight.
    3. In your own interest you are advised to undergo a preliminary medical check up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, fungal infection of skin etc. before reporting for the AFSB interview.
    4. Chest should be well developed. The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms. The measurement will be taken with a tape so adjusted that its lower edge should touch the nipple in front and the upper part of the tape should touch the lower angle of the shoulder blades behind. X-Ray of the chest is compulsory and will be taken to rule out any disease of the chest.
    5. There should be no disease of bones and joints of the body.
    6. A candidate should have no past history of mental breakdown or fits.
    7. There should be no sign of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessel. Blood pressure should be normal and candidates should be free from AIDS.
    8. The muscles of abdomen should be well developed and there should be no enlargement of liver or spleen. Any evidence of disease of internal organs of the abdomen will be a cause for rejection.
    9. Inguinal Hernia. Inguinal Hernia (Un-operated) will be a cause for rejection. Those who have been operated for hernia may be declared medically fit, provided:-
      • (aa) One year has elapsed since operation, documentary proof to this aspect is to be produced by the candidate.
      • (ab) General tone of the abdominal musculature is good.
      • (ac) Surgical scar is well healed healthily without any gaping.
      • (ad) There has been no recurrence to hernia or complication connected with the operation.
    10. There should be no hydrocele, varicocele or piles.
    11. Urine examination will be done and any abnormality, if detected will be a cause for rejection.
    12. Any disease of the skin which is likely to cause disability or disfigurement will also be a cause for rejection.
    13. For women candidates if pregnancy is detected at any stage after selection at AFSB or during training, will debar the candidates from grant of commission and cost recovered from the date of joining AFA till the date of debarring on confirmation of pregnancy from Military Hospital Authorities.
    14. The candidates should have sufficient number of natural and sound teeth. A minimum of 14 dental points will be acceptable. When 32 teeth are present, the total dental points are 22. A candidate should not be suffering from severe pyorrhoea.
    15. X-Ray examination of the chest will include the lower part of cervical spine for presence of cervical ribs. X-Ray examination of other parts of spine will be taken if the SMB considers it necessary.
    16. Carrying angle of elbow should not be more than 15° and 18° among males and females respectively.
    17. X-ray of Chest is compulsory.
    18. The hearing should be normal. A candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms in a quiet room. There should be no evidence of present or past disease of the ear, nose and throat. Hearing Standards are as follows:
      • (aaa) Speech test : Whispered hearing 610 cms each ear.
      • (aab) Audiometric Test : Audiometric loss should not exceed +20 db in frequencies between 250 Hz and 8000 Hz.
      • (aac) Routine ECG should be within normal limits.
    19. Spinal Conditions for Flying Branch. Past medical history of diseases or injury of the spine or sacriliac joints, either with or without objective signs which have prevented the candidate from successfully following a physically active life, is a case for rejection for commissioning in Flying Branch. History of spinal fracture/prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment for these conditions will entail rejection. The following conditions detected during medical exam will disqualify a candidate in Flying Branch:-
      • (aa) Granulomatous disease of spine.
      • (ab) Arthritis/Spondylosis.
      • (ac) Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders.
      • (ad) Ankylosing spondylitis.
      • (ae) Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis and degenerative joint diseases.
      • (af) Non articular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc.).
      • (ag) Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, vasculitis.
      • (ah) Spondylolisthesis/spondylolysis/spondylosis.
      • (aj) Compression fracture of vertebrae.
      • (ak) Scheurman's disease (Adolescent kyphosis).
      • (al) Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine.
      • (am) Unilateral/bilateral cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit.
      • (an) Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb's method.
      • (ap) Degenerative Disc Disease.
      • (aq) Presence of schmorl's nodes at more than one level.
      • (ar) Atlanto—occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
      • (as) Hemi vertebrae and/or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine.
      • (at) Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation.
      • (au) Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist.
    20. ACL reconstruction surgery would be considered unfit.
Medical Standards for the Flying Branch (Additional)

If you are applying for the Flying Branch, you must remember that apart from the general physical standards, there are some standards that are specifically applicable to you. Listed below are the physical requirements applicable to both men and women applying to the Flying Branch.

  1. Anthropometric Measurements - The acceptable anthropometric measurements for both Men and Women are as follows:
    • Minimum Height - 162.5 cms
    • Leg Length - Minimum- 99 cms. Maximum- 120 cms
    • Thigh Length - Maximum- 64 cms
    • Sitting Height -Minimum- 81.5 cms. Maximum- 96 cms
  2. X-ray of cervical and Lumbosacral spine will be carried out.
  3. The following conditions detected radiologically will disqualify a candidate for all Air Force Duties:-
    • Granulomatous Disease of spine.
    • Arthritis / Spondylosis.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders.
    • Ankylosing Spondylitis.
    • Osteoarthrosis, Spondylosis and Degenerative joint disease.
    • Scheuerman’s Disease (Adolescent Kyphosis).
    • Any other abnormality as so considered by the specialist.
    • Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine.
    • Non-articular rheumatism (e.g lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc).
    • Unilateral / bilateral cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit.
    • Misc disorders including SLE, Polymyositis and Vasculitis.
    • Spondylolisthesis / Spondylolysis.
    • Compression fracture of vertebra.

In addition, for Flying Branches the under mentioned rules will also apply:-

  1. SPINAL ANOMALIES ACCEPTABLE FOR FLYING DUTIES
    • Bilateral complete sacralisation of LV5 and bilateral complete lumbarisation of SV1.
    • Spina bifida in sacrum and in LV5, if completely sacralised.
    • Complete block (fused) vertebrae in cervical and dorsal spine at a single level.
  2. SPINAL CONDITION NOT ACCEPTABLE FOR FLYING DUTIES
    • Scoliosis more than 15 by Cobb’s method
    • Degenerative disc disease.
    • Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
    • Atlanto occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
    • Hemi Vertebra and / or incomplete block (fused) vertebra at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine.
    • Unilateral sacralisation or lumbarisation (complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral in complete sacralisation or lumbrarisation.
  3. VISION
    • 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other, correctable to 6/6 only for hypermetropia. ) Manifest Hypermetropia must not exceed +2.0D Sph, Myopia – Nil and Astigmatism +0.75 D Cyl (within +2.0 D – Max)
    • Near Vision N-5 each eye.
    • Color Vision CP-1(ML T).
    • LASIK Surgery for correction of vision is admissible in Transport and Helicopter streams of Short Service Commission (Flying Branch) If the following condition are fulfilled at the time of Air Force medical examination:-
      • LASIK Surgery should not have been carried out before the age of 20 years.
      • The axial length of the eye should not be more than 25.5 mm as measured by IOL master.
      • At least twelve months should have lapsed post uncomplicate stable LASIK. No history or evidence of any complication.
      • The post LASIK corneal thickness as measured by a corneal pachymeter should not be less than 450 microns.
      • Individuals with high refractive errors (>6D) prior to LASIK are to be excluded.
      • Candidates must not suffer from colour or night blindness.
  4. OCCULAR MUSCLE BALANCE - Phorias with the Maddox Rod Test must not exceed:
  5. At 6 meters
    • Exophoria 6 prism Diopters
    • Esophoria 6 prism Diopters
    • Hyperphoria 1 prism Diopters
    • Hypophoria 1 prism Diopters
    At 33 cm
    • Exophoria 16 prism Diopters
    • Esophoria 6 prism Diopters
    • Hyperphoria 1 prism Diopters
    • Hypophoria 1 prism Diopters

It may be noted that the Air Force Medical Board is the final authority while deciding the medical fitness for joining the Indian Air Force.